Tense (काल) | Past Perfect Continuous Tense(Formula, Uses and Example)

 

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

पहचान – से रहा था, से रहे थे, से रही थी आदि शब्द आते है।
Adverbs = for/since, last day, last month, last year
Helping Verb = had been
M.v form = I form + ing

Affirmative Sentence 
Formula – Sub + had + been + m.v I form + ing + obj + since/for + time.
Example 
– मैं सोमवार से विद्यालय जा रहा था।
I had been going to school since monday.
– वह दो घंटे से पढ़ रहा था।
He had been reading for two hours.

Negative Sentence
Formula – Sub + had + not + been + m.v I form + ing + obj + since/for + time
Example
– वह सोमवार से विद्यालय नही जा रहा था।
He had not been going to school since monday.
– वह 4 घंटे से नही खेल रहा था।
He had nit been playing for 4 hours.

Interrogative Sentence
Formula – Had + sub + been + m.v I form + object + since/for + time +?
Example
– क्या वे जनवरी 2005 से विद्यालय जा रहे थे?
Had they been going to school since January 2005?
– क्या वह जुलाई 2005 से अंग्रेजी पढ़ा रहे थे?
Had he been teaching English since July 2005?

Interrogative Negative Sentence
Formula – Had + sub + not + been + m.v I form + ing + since/for + time + ?
Example 
– क्या वह सुबह से विद्यालय नही जा रही थी?
Had she not been going to school since morning?
– क्या हम 4 बजे से क्रिकेट नही खेल रहे है?
Had we not been playing cricket since 4 ‘o’ clock?

USES of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

(1) POINT OF TIME/PERIOD OF TIME
– राम एक घंटे तक वहीं लेटा रहा।
Ram had been lying there for an hour.
– वह सुबह से काम कर रहा था।
He had been working since morning.

(2) REPEATED ACTION
Past Perfect के Repeated action को Past Perfect Continuous Tense में व्यक्त किया जा सकता है।
– उसने उससे संपर्क करने की पांच बार कोशिश की थी।
He had tried five times to contact him.
Change into 
– वह उससे संपर्क करने की कोशिश कर रहा था।
He had been trying to contact him.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

error: Content is protected !!